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Souterrains, le monde creusé par l'homme. Jérôme et Laurent Triolet. Carrières souterraines, champignonnières, villes souterraines, souterrains-refuges, habitats troglodytiques, tunelles de guerre, souterrains cultuels, catacombes.

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Cliff refuges (“Cluzeaux”) of Spain

 

In the Spanish Levant, around Bocairent, between Valencia and Alicante, there is a group of exceptional cliff refuges (“Cluzeaux” in French). The major site, “Les Covetes dels Moros”, is a community cliff refuge, grouping 49 cavities dug on five levels in the cliff, and connected by 47 narrow passages. Each chamber has its own window in the cliff wall. In the same district, there are six others cliff refuges of this kind, for the most part having only some rooms, but two of them grouping more than ten windows in the cliff. All these cavities seem to be part of the same historical group, but dating is difficult. The cliff provided a natural barrier, inside the “Covetes” the narrow passages were effective obstacles and the fortification wall of “Bancal Redo” was a good protection. With grain silos and room for animals villagers were also able to hide and to protect their means of subsistence. So, “Les Covetes dels Moros” and “Bancal Redo” are community cliff refuges. The other cliff cavities are located at strategic points guarded access roads and defile. They were probably used as look out posts. There are other cliff refuges in Andalusia (southern Spain).

 

 

 


The “Covetes dels Moros"


The "Covetes dels Moros"


Collapse


Collapse and cross


Rooms and windows


View on the village


Narrow shafts and windows


Rooms


Shaft


Window and niches for lamps


Bench


Window and cross


Crossed cross


Window with view


Narrow shaft and window


Window with view


View over the valley


Shaft


Narrow shaft and window


Pits


Pont Xato


El Dolçainer


Bancal Redo


Grain silos


Openings in a cliff


Tia Micaela


Room with mangers


Mangers


Look down upon the approach


Observation window

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